International Bulletin of Drug Research

International Bulletin of Drug Research is an international journal Online

Statement on Plagiarism and Malpractice

Plagiarism is a form of cheating. It is taking and using someone else's thoughts, writings or inventions and representing them as your own; for example, using an author's words without putting them in quotation marks and citing the source, using an author's ideas without proper acknowledgment and citation, copying another student's work.

Using someone else's ideas or phrasing and representing those ideas or phrasing as our own, either on purpose or through carelessness, is a serious offense known as plagiarism. "Ideas or phrasing" includes written or spoken material, of course — from whole papers and paragraphs to sentences, and, indeed, phrases — but it also includes statistics, lab results, art work, etc. "Someone else" can mean a professional source, such as a published writer or critic in a book, magazine, encyclopedia, or journal; an electronic resource such as material we discover on the World Wide Web; another article at our journal website or anywhere else; a paper-writing "service" (online or otherwise) which offers to sell written papers for a fee.

The intentional copying of someone else’s work as one’s own is a serious offence punishable by penalties that may range from cancellation of articles marks and, in the most serious of cases, to exclude any article from such affiliated authors college/ University / Industry.



Some Examples of Plagiarism

(The examples below were originally written by the writing center staff at an esteemed college; that institution has asked us to remove its name from this Web page.) The original text from Elaine Tyler May's "Myths and Realities of the American Family" reads as follows: Because women's wages often continue to reflect the fiction that men earn the family wage, single mothers rarely earn enough to support themselves and their children adequately. And because work is still organized around the assumption that mothers stay home with children, even though few mothers can afford to do so, child-care facilities in the United States remain woefully inadequate. Here are some possible uses of this text. As you read through each version, try to decide if it is a legitimate use of May's text or a plagiarism.
Version A: Since women's wages often continue to reflect the mistaken notion that men are the main wage earners in the family, single mothers rarely make enough to support themselves and their children very well. Also, because work is still based on the assumption that mothers stay home with children, facilities for child care remain woefully inadequate in the United States. Plagiarism: In Version A there is too much direct borrowing of sentence structure and wording. The writer changes some words, drops one phrase, and adds some new language, but the overall text closely resembles May's. Even with a citation, the writer is still plagiarizing because the lack of quotation marks indicates that Version A is a paraphrase, and should thus be in the writer's own language. Version B: As Elaine Tyler May points out, "women's wages often continue to reflect the fiction that men earn the family wage" (588). Thus many single mothers cannot support themselves and their children adequately. Furthermore, since work is based on the assumption that mothers stay home with children, facilities for day care in this country are still "woefully inadequate." (May 589). Plagiarism: The writer now cites May, so we're closer to telling the truth about the relationship of our text to the source, but this text continues to borrow too much language. Version C: By and large, our economy still operates on the mistaken notion that men are the main breadwinners in the family. Thus, women continue to earn lower wages than men. This means, in effect, that many single mothers cannot earn a decent living. Furthermore, adequate day care is not available in the United States because of the mistaken assumption that mothers remain at home with their children. Plagiarism: Version C shows good paraphrasing of wording and sentence structure, but May's original ideas are not acknowledged. Some of May's points are common knowledge (women earn less than men, many single mothers live in poverty), but May uses this common knowledge to make a specific and original point and her original conception of this idea is not acknowledged. Version D: Women today still earn less than men — so much less that many single mothers and their children live near or below the poverty line. Elaine Tyler May argues that this situation stems in part from "the fiction that men earn the family wage" (588). May further suggests that the American workplace still operates on the assumption that mothers with children stay home to care for them (589). This assumption, in my opinion, does not have the force it once did. More and more businesses offer in-house day-care facilities. . . . No Plagiarism: The writer makes use of the common knowledge in May's work, but acknowledges May's original conclusion and does not try to pass it off as his or her own. The quotation is properly cited, as is a later paraphrase of another of May's ideas.

Penalty for Plagiarism

The penalty for plagiarism is usually determined by the Editor of the concerned Journal involved. It could involve failure for the paper and it could mean failure for the entire paper and even expulsion from Journal. In addition, the author’s Professional reputation(Who involved in Plagiarism and Malpractice) will surely gets halted and banned in each and every stage through the influence of World renowned Editorial Board members and Section editors / Reviewers of our Journal. Ignorance of the rules about plagiarism is no excuse, and carelessness is just as bad as purposeful violation. Editor should be aware that some international author from other cultures may have ideas about using outside resources that differ from the Journal’s policies regarding plagiarism; opportunities should be provided for all authors to become familiar with Journal policies regarding plagiarism.
Authors who do not thoroughly understand the concept of plagiarism and methods of proper documentation should request assistance from their Edtor and from Editorial Board Members.


Best Practices to Avoid Plagiarism & Malpractices

  • Learning the conventions for citing documents and acknowledging sources appropriate to the field they are studying.

  • Consulting their Coworkers and Coauthors when they are unsure about how to acknowledge the contributions of others to their thought and writing.

  • Understanding, augmenting, engaging in dialogue with, and challenging the work of others are part of becoming an effective citizen in a complex society. Plagiarism does not simply devalue the institution and the degree it offers; it hurts the inquirer, who has avoided thinking independently and has lost the opportunity to participate in broader social conversations.

  • Students often have little experience planning and conducting research. Using planning guides, in-class activities, and portfolios, instructors should “stage” students’ work and provide support at each stage—from invention to drafting, through revision and polishing.
 

Authors declaration consent

All authors are required to submit a declaration form with every article submitted. This includes a declaration that all material submitted is their own work except where there is clear acknowledgement or reference to the work of others and that they have read the Journal Statement on Plagiarism and Malpractices available on this website.